New world wine and old world wine is a common term used in the industry. The definition for each is also different:
Old world wines are from the older producing regions. The majority of these are located in both eastern and western Europe, part of Asia and northern Africa. This is where the heart of the industry started thousands of years ago.
France, Italy and Spain are the three largest producing countries in the world. All three are in the old world category.
New world wine is from newer regions. These include North, Central and South America, Southern Africa, Australia and New Zealand. This category includes the popular wines from Napa Valley and Sonoma County in California.
Introduction to Red Wine
Red wines are made from "black" (red-coloured) grapes fermented with the skin included. The skin is what imparts the red colour to the wine.
Red wines typically have a more robust flavour, and pair well with food that is similarly robust, such as red meats (beef, lamb), hearty pasta dishes, etc. They are usually drunk at or just below room temperature.
Types of Red Wine Include:
Introduction to White Wine
White wines are almost always made from white" (green-coloured) grapes, fermendted without skin. Although they can be made from "black" (red-coloured) grapes too as the juice from these are actually clear. White wines can be sweet, dry or somewhere in between.
White wines are usually drunk cold, with lighter foods such as poultry and fish.
Types of White Wine Include:
Introduction to Rosé Wines
Rosé wines are pink or blush-coloured. The pink colour comes from the fact that the grape skin is included for just the first few hours of the fermentation process, or sometimes due to the wine being a mixture of red and white wines. Most rosé wines are medium-sweet, especially in the US. But some of the best European rosés can be very dry.
Introduction to Sparkling Wines
Champagne is probably the best known sparkling wine. Although many dry sparkling wines are referred to as champagne, technically Champagne is sparkling wine from the Champagne region of France.
Other types of sparkling wine are Prosecco, a dry Italian sparkling wine and Asti, a sweet Italian sparkling wine. Cava is a sparkling Spanish wine. The "sparkles" in sparkling wine are bubbles of carbon dioxide, which is a natural by product of the fermentation process.
Co-operative Fairtrade Wines
In 2001 The Co-operative broke new ground by launching the UK’s first fairly-traded supermarket wine. Today our range of wines carrying the FAIRTRADE Mark comes from Chile, Argentina and South Africa. Each of our Fairtrade wines tells a story; about struggling communities revived and renewed, about schools built, clean water supplied, and hope restored.